(misd or infraction)
See PC 484, above
Aggravated Felony (AF)
Crime Involving Moral Turpitude (CIMT)
Assume CIMT for a new conviction, but arguably not a CIMT if conviction occurred before Nov. 16, 2016.
See Advice re infractions
Other Removal Grounds
No other removal ground.
Advice and Comments
CIMT. While a Calif infraction arguably is not a “conviction” for imm purposes, there is no ruling and defenders must conservatively assume that it will be treated as one. See 11358. If 490.1 is treated as a conviction, this is a CIMT.
To avoid a CIMT, see PC 459, 496, VC 10851. Also see discussion at PC 484.